There is no mountain, which is safe on this earth as they are quite unpredictable and terribly unforgiving to negligence. And when it comes to Mount Everest, the tallest and the largest mountain of the world, the risk automatically goes at the higher side. Hence, be sensible and well prepared and always make sure to take good control of your situation while trekking on Everest.
The 7 Survival Rules while Trekking Mt. Everest include:
Always have the last word on your safety :
Don't ever count on anyone in a dangerous situation even if you join any commercial expedition. Always take good control of your own gear, oxygen and climbing decisions. Besides, always allow for new attempts to turn around. Remember! It is wiser to fail than to die.
Respect the weather :
The bad weather can turn an easy, sunny climb into a horrible, fatal inferno. The changes in the weather are quite fast and unforgiving. Everything happens all of a sudden, like you swiftly go blind, the wind freezes the blood in your veins, you can't think and you can't find your way anywhere! Instantly, you feel a deadly fear whilst your mind keeps falling into a helpless dizziness. Hence, always check the weather forecasts, take them seriously and don't allow yourself to get false security.
Use new ropes :
Make sure that you do not hurry and clip in everywhere while trekking. Avoid using old ropes. Use new ropes and clip them properly as well as check the screws and the ropes at all times. Also use your crampons and legs on steep climbs instead of leaning on the ropes too much. Besides, avoid climbing together with large number of climbers on one rope.
Drink plenty :
Drink plenty of water to avoidhigh altitude health problems such as edema, frostbite, headache and confusion that are often related to dehydration and lack of oxygen.
Know yourself :
While trekking at different altitude, you may face several strange feelings, reactions and symptoms and even brain reacts on oxygen deprivation by nightmares at night and bad moods during the day. In such situations, some freeze, some panic and some are rational.
Hence, you should essentially know all about your mental and physical status. Besides, gain theknowledge of different situations at different altitude and your own reactions to them. This is very essential for survival and important for your self-confidence.
Know your gear, oxygen and alpine medicine: There are few questions that you may need to ask yourself for knowing this like -
- How much oxygen will be needed for the attempt & how many bottles is that?
- How does it feel to become snow-blind & why does it happen?
- Why do people with hypothermia undress and neatly fold away their clothes?
- What is your backup for os-failure? How do you change the bottles?
- What if the regulator clogs up with ice?
- What will you do if you lose a crampon?
There isnot so much to do about it. The only thing that you can do to protect yourself is avoid climbs in heavy snowfalls, especially on the Lhotse wall or the North wall. Also make sure that you climb swiftly passing the dangerous parts and avoid climbing the icefall too late in the day.